These pieces are primarily custom work intended for outdoor spaces.

Most are site specific, and all are designed to interact with the plantings.  Over the course of the growing season, there is an interesting dynamic between the ephemeral vegetative growth and the more permanent steel structures.

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Interior smalls



A trivet has the lovely quality of being both a practical item and pure artwork, since it can hang on the wall when not in use.  Like snowflakes, no two are exactly alike.  These were made in 2010 and 2011 and very influenced by Japanese katagami.